Ding-type porcelain moulded shallow bowl

Ding -type porcelain moulded shallow bowl

Southern Song dynasty 12th or 13th century
Diameter: 7 inches, 17.8 cm
Height: 11/2 inches, 3.8 cm

Ding -type porcelain moulded shallow bowl

A ding-type porcelain bowl, the thinly potted shallow-rounded sides rising from a low foot. The interior of the bowl is mould-impressed with a lotus pond to the centre in which large lotus leaves and flowers are visible. The central motif is surrounded by a wide band of two phoenixes in flight amid peony and prunus flowers. The decoration is contained within an outer band of continuous key-fret pattern. The bowl is almost completely covered in a brilliant white glaze, leaving just the foot rim and the outer rim uncovered, showing the very fine white body of the clay.

 

The motif of a phoenix in flight, a popular decorative device during the Song and subsequent Yuan dynasties, symbolises marriage, suggesting that this delicately potted and crisply moulded porcelain bowl was intended as a wedding gift. Phoenixes rising in flight with their legs tucked up into their bodies and tail segmented into five barbed filaments, were depicted by the Northern Song period (960 – 1127 CE). By the Southern Song period (1127 – 1279 CE), the phoenixes were usually paired.[1] The present bowl was most probably made at Jingdezhen (also known as Raozhou) in Jiangxi province, in imitation of Ding wares which were produced in the Ding kilns situated in present-day Quyang county in Hebei province, south-west of Beijing. The high level of craftsmanship and materials used in creating such wares is evident at the first glance and when held. The unglazed rims of these bowls are a result of the firing process, which required bowls such as this to be fired upside down in order to prevent warping, making it necessary to wipe the glaze from the rim. A closely related Southern Song Ding-type shallow bowl moulded with phoenixes and flowers, covered in a similar ivory white glaze and produced in Raozhou, is in the Kwan collection.[2] Two further comparable examples with a similar decoration but covered in a bluish white qingbai glaze are in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing.[3]

  1. Welch, P. B. Chinese Art- A Guide to Motifs and Visual Imagery, Tuttle Publishing, 2012, p. 82
  2. Ho, K.C. Song Ceramics from the Kwan Collection, Hong Kong Museum of Art, 1994, no. 130, pp. 296-7
  3. Huibing, Le ed. The Complete Works of Chinese Ceramics, Vol. 8, Shanghai People’s Fine Arts Publishing House, Shanghai, 1999, no. 65, p. 192 and The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum Vol. 33, Hong Kong, 1996, no. 198, p. 216

白釉印花雙鳳荷塘紋盤
南宋 十二或十三世紀
徑:17.8 公分 高:3.8 公分
白釉敞口淺盤,下承矮圈足,胎輕體薄,芒口,通體施白釉,積釉處白中泛青。外壁光素無紋,盤
內壁模印雙鳳穿花紋,花紋有茶花及牡丹,盤心荷塘紋,荷花綻放,荷葉舒展。雙鳳紋於宋代時即
常用於裝飾器物,象徵婚姻和諧美滿。本品是饒州窯(景德鎮)仿定窯牙白色釉的傑作,釉色偏青
帶黃。印花紋飾亦是模仿定窯風格,或為史籍文獻中所稱「南定」一類。北京故宮博物院與香港沐
文堂均藏有仿定窯印花鳳紋碗,均定年為南宋時期,可茲比較。