Burnt jade cup

Burnt jade cup

Qing dynasty, 18th century
Length: 3 inches, 7.6 cm
Width: 1 3/8 inches, 3.5 cm

Burnt jade cup

Fig. 1 Agate cup with dragon handles, National Palace Museum, Taipei, no. 故雜40

A nephrite jade cup, supported on a low foot, the gently rounded sides curving in towards the waist and flaring out again at the rim. The sides are carved with two handles in the form of stylised dragons, with detailed eyes and horns, biting the rim of the small vessel. The stone is of variegated brown, black and oatmeal tones, with small areas of red veining.

 

The practice of burning jade to make it appear older was quite popular in the Ming and Qing dynasties and is often seen in combination with a form that is inspired by ancient vessels. In the case of the present cup, it is inspired by a bronze ritual bowl of gui form. Both forms of imitating the ancient would have held strong appeal for the informed scholar, who probably would have used this small cup as a water vessel on his desk. Jade cups adorned with stylised dragon handles first appear in the Song dynasty, although as a rule the dragon’s heads turn outwards instead of facing the cup: for example a ten-sided jade cup in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing.[1] Three comparable Qing dynasty examples with similar design of the dragon handles, including one jade and two agate cups, were previously in the Qing Court collection and are now in the collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei (fig. 1).[2] A jade cup with two boy-shaped handles, similarly enhanced with a burning technique to acquire the archaic atmosphere, was made in the early Qing dynasty and was highly appreciated by the Qianlong Emperor (1736 – 1795); it is now in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing.[3]

Provenance: Spink & Son Ltd, London
Private collection, UK

  1. The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum- Vol.41 Jadeware (II), Shangwu yinshu guan, Hong Kong, 1995, no. 102, p. 118
  2. The National Palace Museum, Taipei online collection archive: nos. 故玉 3784 & 故雜 40 & 306
  3. The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum- Vol.42 Jadeware (III), Shangwu yinshu guan, Hong Kong, 1995, no. 202, p. 247

雙龍銜耳玉杯
清 十八 世紀
長:7.6 公分 高:3.5 公分
青玉杯,立體圓雕,弧腹側,口微侈,下承矮圈足,雙耳雕飾螭龍各一,螭口啣杯緣相對。器表
面作人為褐色沁,為清代刻意仿制出土器土沁烤炙而成,愈顯本品典雅古樸。清代宮廷仿古玉作
舊技法中,即有「烤色」之法。從清宮造辦處檔案可見,烤色技術主要用於仿制古玉土沁,在一
些地區出土的古代玉器上,常帶有黃色斑片,古玩家稱之為土沁,「受土黃沁者,色如甘栗,名
曰鉗黃。」北京故宮博物院藏一件清初玉雙嬰耳杯,亦以烤色施人為褐色沁,深受乾隆喜愛,認
為是「炎劉以上物品」,特為此杯配以木匣。以螭龍為杯耳,於宋代時已可見,但龍首朝外。清
宮舊藏存有以瑪瑙與青玉製成之雙龍銜耳杯,形制與比例均與本品極為相似。
來源:倫敦Spink & Son Ltd。英國私人收藏。