Length of pig: 6 3/8 inches, 16.2 cm
Height of pig: 3 1/8 inches, 7.9 cm
Length of sow: 6 1/2 inches, 16.5 cm
Height of sow: 2 1/2 inches, 6.4 cm

Pottery group of pig, sow and piglets

China, Han dynasty, 206 BC – 220 AD

A grey earthenware group of a pig and a recumbent sow with four crouching piglets. The sow lies on one side with her legs outstretched and her tail curled up. The crouching piglets are suckling whilst lying on their stomachs, their front trotters tucked underneath their torso, and their hind legs stretched out behind them. Finely incised lines denote their heads and the sow’s protruding snout. The animals are unglazed.


The creation of pottery funerary sculpture is thought to have originated during the Shang (c. 1500 – 1028 BC) and Zhou periods (1028 – 256 BC), a practice that was adopted as a substitute for human sacrifices.1 This custom was developed during the Han dynasty, which is well known for the variety of tomb ceramics that were produced.2  This amusing and finely potted group of a pig, a sow and their young is rare in Han period pottery. A group of stone pigs of various sizes and dated to the Western Han dynasty was unearthed from Changsha, Hunan province in 1956.3  A grey pottery model of a pigsty with a pig standing in a pen, excavated from tomb no. 2 at Baozhuang in Luoyang, Henan province and dated to the Eastern Han period, is in the collection of the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Science.4

  1. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, The Quest for Eternity: Chinese Ceramic Sculpture from the People’s Republic of China, Thames & Hudson, 1987, p. ix
  2. Bower, V. and Mowry, R. D. ed. From Court to Caravan: Chinese Tomb Sculptures from the Collection of Anthony M. Salmon, Harvard University Art Museum, New Haven and London, 2002, p. 29
  3. China, Guo jia bow u guan ed. Wen Wu hongguo shi- Qin Han shi dai, Shang xi jiao yu chu ban she, 2003, p. 55
  4. Osaka Shiritsu Bijutsukan, Yomiuri Shinbun Osaka Honsha ed. Han Dynasty: special exhibition, Yomiuri Shinbun Osaka Honsha, Osaka, 1999, no. 55, p. 72